“There’s definitely a difference between girls and boys,” says Katie L. Jones, an anthropologist at the University of Michigan who has written extensively on the subject.
“I’ve seen a lot of research where the researchers looked at these different types of relationships between boys and girls, and it’s been interesting to see how these two categories have diverged over time.”
In some ways, the two categories seem to mirror each other in ways that are almost impossible to define.
While the genders of children vary widely, boys tend to be taller and broader than girls.
Boys also tend to have more aggressive and less nurturing personalities, which can make them more vulnerable to the harmful effects of peer pressure and abuse.
In contrast, girls tend to play more with dolls, toys and dolls, have fewer toys and fewer dolls, and have fewer friends than boys.
So the gender of a child doesn’t really matter.
In other words, boys are “feminine” while girls are “masculine.”
But there’s a difference.
According to Jones, it’s not just the gender, but also the way in which children are raised.
For instance, a girl’s early life can make her more likely to be bullied, abused, and neglected by her peers.
This type of childhood can make it harder for girls to get a job or even to get an education.
The child who lives with the parents who abuse them is more likely than a girl who lives in a safe environment to end up in prison or in a mental health crisis.
But boys who are abused don’t end up as vulnerable as girls who are victims of abuse, Jones says.
Boys can be bullied and maltreated for years.
“They get pushed around,” Jones says, “and they get beaten up and thrown in the juvenile justice system.”
And because they are socially isolated, boys can be especially susceptible to peer pressure.
Boys often have more of a “masochistic” view of sex and sex roles than girls, which makes them more likely, in the eyes of social scientists, to have sex outside of marriage.
But as Jones points out, girls can also be sexually abused by a boyfriend or a partner, and they often suffer the effects of sexual abuse themselves.
“We know that children who are sexually abused have higher rates of depression, higher rates, and more suicidal thoughts and behaviors,” she says.
And although girls may experience more sexual violence, that doesn’t necessarily mean that boys are more likely.
Some experts say that boys may be more prone to depression and suicide, as well.
But others say that it’s more likely that boys who have been sexually abused experience more of these negative outcomes, as they are more prone than girls to seek help.
“If you look at all the studies, boys and boys are pretty similar in terms of being sexually abused,” Jones adds.
“But there’s one group that’s been shown to be more at risk for suicide and other kinds of suicide.
So, boys who were sexually abused may be the most vulnerable.”
The impact of these differences on boys’ behavior The impact on boys of gender stereotypes may have been one of the biggest barriers to changing the gender binary in the past.
In the 1960s, researchers started noticing that boys were more likely (and often more aggressive) than girls in certain social interactions.
For example, girls tended to be the more dominant of the two sexes in sports, but boys were seen as more submissive and less athletic.
According the researchers, this made boys more likely or more aggressive in ways like punching, grabbing, hitting, pushing, and even fighting.
According an article in the American Sociological Review, the “gender stereotypes that have emerged in society as a result of the sexual exploitation of girls and women in various contexts, and the gender stereotyping that persists as a social construct in society today, have led to increased violence against boys and to increased rates of violent behavior among boys.”
It was the researchers who first suggested that boys and men were more prone towards violence.
The article went on to say that the results of a study done at Stanford University in the 1960’s were “apparently causal.”
The Stanford study found that when asked to pick two things that could have led them to violence, boys were most likely to choose “the threat of violence” and “the desire to hurt others.”
And they were more than twice as likely to select “physical violence” over “verbal aggression.”
But as the researchers explained in the paper, “We believe that the psychological and biological mechanisms underlying these differences may play a key role in the observed differences.”
The research also revealed that girls were more willing to be violent, which led to a drop in violence rates for boys.
“The gender stereotypes that we’ve seen in society over the last decades are really, really important,” Jones explains.
“These are things that affect behavior and that are associated with a higher risk of violence.”
In fact, she says, a study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention